Congregation

Congregation
   (Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community (Num. 15:15). Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in the land, if circumcised, were, with certain exceptions (Ex. 12:19; Num. 9:14; Deut. 23:1-3), admitted to the privileges of citizenship, and spoken of as members of the congregation (Ex. 12:19; Num. 9:14; 15:15). The congregation were summonded together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at the door of the tabernacle (Num. 10:3). These assemblies were convened for the purpose of engaging in solemn religious services (Ex. 12:27; Num. 25:6; Joel 2:15), or of receiving new commandments (Ex. 19:7, 8). The elders, who were summonded by the sound of one trumpet (Num. 10:4), represented on various occasions the whole congregation (Ex. 3:16; 12:21; 17:5; 24:1).
   After the conquest of Canaan, the people were assembled only on occasions of the highest national importance (Judg. 20; 2 Chr. 30:5; 34:29; 1 Sam. 10:17; 2 Sam. 5:1-5; 1 Kings 12:20; 2 Kings 11:19; 21:24; 23:30). In subsequent times the congregation was represented by the Sanhedrim; and the name synagogue, applied in the Septuagint version exclusively to the congregation, came to be used to denote the places of worship established by the Jews. (See Church.)
   In Acts 13:43, where alone it occurs in the New Testament, it is the same word as that rendered "synagogue" (q.v.) in ver. 42, and is so rendered in ver. 43 in R.V.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • congrégation — [ kɔ̃gregasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • av. 1622; « réunion » XIIe; lat. congregatio, rac. grex « troupeau » 1 ♦ Compagnie de prêtres, de religieux, de religieuses. ⇒ communauté, ordre. La congrégation de l Oratoire. La loi sur les congrégations (1901). Par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • congrégation — CONGRÉGATION. sub. fém. Compagnie, corps de plusieurs personnes religieuses ou séculières, vivant sous une même règle. Congrégation Régulière. Congrégation Séculière. Congrégation célèbre. Congrégation d Hommes. Congrégation de Filles. Les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • congregation — Congregation. s. f. Compagnie, corps de plusieurs personnes Religieuses ou seculieres, assemblées sous de certaines Regles. Congregation reguliere, Congregation seculiere. Congregation celebre. Congregation d hommes. Congregation de filles. les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Congregation — Con gre*ga tion, n. [L. congregatio: cf. F. congr[ e]gation.] 1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass. [1913 Webster] The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Congregation — Congrégation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congregation — (v. lat.), 1) Vereinigung; 2) Vereinigung mehrerer Klöster zur Beobachtung derselben Regeln u. Statuten. Die geistlichen Orden gingen zum Theil aus solchen Verbindungen hervor u. theilten sich wieder in mehrere C en, die in Nebensachen u. in der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • congregation — mid 14c., a gathering, assembly, from O.Fr. congregacion (12c., Mod.Fr. congrégation), from L. congregationem (nom. congregatio), noun of action from congregare (see CONGREGATE (Cf. congregate)). Used by Tyndale to translate Gk. ekklesia in New… …   Etymology dictionary

  • congregation — [käŋ΄grə gā′shən, kän΄grə gā′shən] n. [ME congregacioun < OFr congregation or L congregatio, an assembling (in ML(Ec), religious community)] 1. a congregating or being congregated 2. a gathering of people or things; assemblage 3. an assembly… …   English World dictionary

  • Congregation — Congregation. Dieses Wort, welches eigentlich Versammlung bedeutet, wird in der römischen Kirche in dreifacher Bedeutung gebraucht. 1. bezeichnet man damit die Versammlung der Cardinäle und anderer päpstlicher Beamten, um über irgend einen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Congregation — lat. congregatio, Zusammenschaarung, geistlicher, besonders klosterartiger Verein, Klosterorden und Zweige eines solchen, z.B. die von Papst Clemens VIII. geförderte C. helvetica des Benedictinerordens, die noch heute besteht. C. heißen auch die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • congregation — I noun aggregate, aggregation, amassment, assemblage, assembly, assembly of persons, association, audience, batch, coetus, collection, conclave, conference, congregated body, convention, conventus, convergence, convocation, crowd, forgathering,… …   Law dictionary

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